The significance of Masjid Ejabah (also known as Masjid Mu’awiyah) is that it is the location where the Prophet (s.a.w.) supplicated to Allah (swt) three times with Allah (swt) answering two of his requests, but forbidding the third. The Arabic word ‘ejabah’ in english closely means ‘responding’.
- Aamir bin Sa’ad (r.a.) reported on the authority of his father that: “One day Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.) came from Aaliya and passed by the mosque of Banu Mu’awiyah. He went in and observed two rak’ahs there and we also observed prayer along with him and he made a long supplication to his Lord. He then turned to us and said:
“I asked my Lord three things and He has granted me two but has withheld one. I asked my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed by through famine and He granted me this. And I asked my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed by drowning (by deluge) and He granted me this. And I asked my Lord that there should be no bloodshed among the people of my Ummah, but He did not grant it.” [Muslim]
This locality, situated behind Jannatul Baqi is where the tribe of Banu Zafar resided. Their village was the centre of Islamic propagation (da'wah) in Madinah, principally led by Musaib bin Umair (r.a.) prior to the migration of the Prophet (s.a.w.).
- When the first group of people from Madinah embraced Islam in Mina, the Prophet (s.a.w.) deputed Musaib bin Umair (r.a.) to go with them to teach Islam and preach to others. He remained busy all the time in teaching the Qur'an and other Islamic practices to the people. He stayed with As'ad bin Zararah (r.a.) and was known as 'Muqree' (the teacher). Sa'd bin Ma'az (the chief of the Banu Ash-hal clan) and Usaid bin Hudhairiyah (the chief of Banu Zafar clan) did not like Musaib's activities.
- Sa'd said to Usaid,“You go to As'ad and tell that we do not like his having brought a stranger with him to Madinah, who misleads the poor and simple folk of the town." Usaid went to As'ad (r.a.) and talked to him very harshly. As'ad (r.a.) said to him, "You first listen to him; if you like his teachings, you may accept them; if not, you have every right to denounce and stop him." Usaid agreed to it. Musaib (r.a.) explained the virtues of Islam and recited a few verses of the Qur'an before him. Usaid said, "These teachings are very fine and these verses are simply beautiful. How do you admit a person to your faith?" He said: "You take a bath, put on clean clothes and recite the Kalimah."
- Usaid immediately complied with all these formalities and embraced Islam. He then went to Sa'd and brought him to Musaib (r.a.) to listen to his preaching. Sa'd also embraced Islam. No sooner had Sa'd accepted Islam than he went to people of his clan (Banu Ash-hal) and said to them,"What type of person do you think I am?" They replied: "You are the best and the noblest of the clan." He then said: "I have vowed not to talk to your men and women until you all embrace Islam and believe in Muhammad (s.a.w.)." All the men and women of Banu Ash-hal embraced Islam then and there. Musaib (r.a.) began to teach them and train them in Islam.
- Once the Prophet (s.a.w.) came to the locality of Banu Zafar with some of his Companions. It is reported by Abdullah bin Mas'ood (r.a.) that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said to him, "Recite (the Qur'an) for me." I said, "Shall I recite it to you although it has been revealed to you?" He said, "I like to hear (the Qur'an) from someone other than myself." So I recited Surah an-Nisa till I reached:
"But how (will it be) then when We bring from each nation a witness, and We bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these people?" [4:41]
Then he said, "Behold (stop)" and his eyes were overflowing with tears. [Sahih Bukhari]
- There is a Masjid preserved within the wall enclosure above, situated on the right hand side of King Abdul Aziz road.
This is the remains of one of the forts of Banu Qaynuqa who were one of three Jewish tribes living in Madinah at the time when the Prophet (s.a.w.) emigrated there. They were the first of the Jewish tribes to break the peace treaty with the Muslims and were expelled from Madinah in the middle of Shawwal, 2AH.
This site, about 1km away from Masjid Quba is where the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadhir resided. Despite having a peace treaty, they conspired against the Muslims and even made an attempt on the life of the Prophet (s.a.w.). They were expelled from Madinah in 4 AH and fled to Khaiber and Syria.
Bani Quraizah were a Jewish tribe who rebelled and betrayed their peace treaty with the Muslims during the Battle of the Trench. The Muslims laid siege to the tribe, this spot (where a masjid once stood) marks the place where the prophet (s.a.w.) offered salah during the siege.
These are the remains of the fort of Ka'b bin Ashraf, an extremely wealthy Jewish poet who stirred up great hatred for the Prophet (s.a.w.) and the Muslims. He was killed here in 3 A.H. on the orders of the Prophet (s.a.w.).
Jabl Ayr (Mount Ayr) is the second largest mountain in Madinah after Uhud and marks the southern boundary of Madinah. The Prophet (s.a.w.) described it as a mountain of Hell.
- The Prophet (s.a.w.) declared, “Uhud is a mountain which loves us and which we love, it is upon the Gate of Heaven;” adding, “And Ayr is a place which hates us and which we hate, it is upon the Gate of Hell.”
- ‘Ayr’ means a ‘wild ass’, whereas Uhud is derived from Ahad, meaning ‘one’, — so called because it is fated to be the place of victory to those who worship one God. The very names, say Muslim sages, make it abundantly evident that even as the men of Al-Madinah were of two parties, friendly and hostile to the Prophet (s.a.w.), so were these mountains.